There are two primary types of Arthritis. Osteoarthritis, meaning that it affects the protective cartilage surface of bones, causes stiffness and some joint pain. Creaking, popping or grinding may be audible or perceived through vibration in affected joints. This type of arthritis is often Staying active and losing weight can protect this cartilage
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by painful swelling at joints, stiffness in fingers, or wrists primarily. This arthritis will affect the same joints on both sides of the body. Over the counter anti-inflammatory drugs like Advil can help manage the symptoms. Also, hot packs and gentle stretching once the joint is warm can help maintain joint mobility.
Treatment includes maximizing ROM around the joint while reducing inflammation through a combination of use of ice, medication, activity avoidance, and stabilization of the area to prevent unnecessary stress. Subsequent treatment includes stabilization and strengthening around the joint with exercise and neuromuscular re-education.