Spondylosis refers to a condition of degeneration of the body segment of the spinal segment called the pars. This often occurs later in life and, like compression fractures, is associated with loss of bone density, however can also occur in individuals with a genetic predisposition to develop thin bone in this area of the body. Finally, this can also occur in individuals that have repeated or traumatic impact, torsion, side bending or hyper extension of the spine.
Treatment for Spondylolisthesis most often includes medication to control any pain and therapy to improve muscle support and adjacent segment flexibility to diminish stress through the involved segment. In some cases long term bracing for up to 6 months or surgical intervention with hardware fixation may be necessary.